Ludwig Mies van der Rohe was one of the greatest architects of the 20th century. His amazing philosophy of open space and clean surfaces, combined with Bauhaus school, made his buildings one of the most elegant constructions of post-World War I. He was usually addressed just as Mies.
The house contains strikingly modern features and an advanced use of materials. The design of Farnsworth house could be compared to that of Frank Lloyd Wright, an established modern architect of the early 20th century. In the Jacobs house, Wright looks into the social context as well as the evolution of design in order meet the needs of his clients.
The relatively economical house displays similarities to the Farnsworth house in that it explores the idea of domestic living, but there are also differences in the approach taken to tackle the impact of lifestyle changes on design.
The skin of glass envelops the inside of the building thus exposing the steel beams to the outside. The raw nature of the metal beams establishes a feeling of solidity and truth while the alignment of the beams and simple shadow lines elaborate the precision involved.
This technique involves beams welded to the roof using a series of plugs. The beams are then finished to disguise the real construction method.
The overall appearance is that of an illusion as the components look like they are simply aligned with each other. The lack of screws or welding marks makes it difficult to identify the construction method.
The clean and undisturbed lines are similar to that of architectural drawings thus lending to it surreal atmosphere. Whilst the overall construction is self supporting, the seemingly thin structure is deceiving to the eye. It is difficult to identify the load bearing structure from the other walls.
Mies, like Wright explores the advances of technology through design in the hope of creating a new spatial experience.
Both the roof and floor of Farnsworth house are made of steel beams constructed to create a box like structure, which acts as both the load bearing and design element.
The eight beams carry both the elevated floor as well as the roof. The floor and roof are of similar dimensions which means that they can be conceived as identical element on different horizon lines.
All metal components are therefore single elements, multiplied and composed to create the balanced and harmonious space felt in the house. Furthermore, the impression that both planes are light illustrates the ease of interchangeability  between the two.
One can feel a certain joy or playfulness in the disorientation caused by such paradoxical space. Farnsworth house fulfills its purpose as a weekend house in creating a space of escape from the real world. The beams, roof and floor of Farnsworth house are painted white. The use of white creates an objective and undisturbed exterior which helps the inhabitants to view the form of the building without distraction .
The white colour is also suitable for exploring the effects of nature on the building. Changes in light, shadow and climate throughout the day and seasons all play a role discovering the relationship between nature and Farnsworth house.
For instance during day, as light hits the surface of the white roof and metal beams, the white exterior illuminates marking the significance of the house within its site. While in the inside, undefined shadows of the beams and furniture form on the travertine floors.
At sunset the colour of the house transforms into an infinite spectrum of shades of red and orange and during the winter the white beams camouflage with the snow covered land, submerged within the environment but distant from the outside.
In one way or another, Farnsworth house never looks the same landscape twice. The house does not necessarily try to reflect its direct environment but rather the social one. The use of bricks demonstrates the sturdiness of the house while the wood, a perishable  material lends to its flexibility.
In Farnsworth house, the glass skin aims to explore the relationship between the inside and outside space as well as the inhabitant and their environment.
The uses of glass walls merge the two sides thus turning the landscape into the boundaries of the inside space and as the external space itself. When viewing the outside, the inhabitant becomes part of the overall environment yet always separated from it .
To be inside the Farnsworth house is like being in and out of the landscape at the same time, to be both absorbed and detached  from the surroundings. Again, Farnsworth house positions the inhabitant in an absurd position as both the observer and the subject of observation at the same time.
The combination of the glass walls, roof, ceiling and metal beams create a perfect tool for framing views to the outside.Watch video · Explore the life and buildings of Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, German architect and leader of the International Style of architecture, on plombier-nemours.com Returning to his work after the war, Mies Born: Mar 27, This essay will look at Mies Van Der Rohe’s Farnsworth house.
The house is located in Illinois, USA, facing the Fox River and is set within the ten acre land outside Plano purchased by Dr. Farnswoth. The house contains strikingly modern features and an advanced use of materials. The architect’s approach to designing and.
Towards an Architecture (machine style architecture), Villa Savoye (minimialist industrial functionalism), Unite' d' habitation (Brutalism), Ronchamp (curving roof inspired by crab shell), What were Mies Van der Rohe's greatest works?
Ludwig Mies van der Rohe's Farnsworth House in Plano, Illinois, won the AIA's Twenty-Five Year Award in The Farnsworth House is comprised of eight steel columns sunk in the ground, plus a pair of strong horizontal planes formed by concrete slabs.
1 From a conversation with Ludwig Mies van der Rohe in the documentary film “Mies van der Rohe” by Georgia van der Rohe, 2 Hermann Muthesius, Das Englische Haus, Berlin , vol.
3. Mies van der Rohe, Ludwig; International Style The International Style of architecture as seen in Ludwig Mies van der Rohe's Esplanade Apartments (two buildings in the foreground right) and Lake Shore Drive Apartments (the two adjacent towers), Chicago.