An introduction to the history of absolutism and louis xiv

Throughout his long reign Louis XIV — never lost the hold over his people he had assumed at the beginning. He succeeded his father on May 14, At the age of four years and eight months, he was, according to the laws of the kingdom, not only the master but the owner of the bodies and property of 19 million subjects.

An introduction to the history of absolutism and louis xiv

History of Early Modern Europe | Essential Humanities

C N Trueman "Absolutism and France" historylearningsite. The History Learning Site, 17 Mar Absolutism or absolute monarchical rule was developing across Europe during the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries.

An introduction to the history of absolutism and louis xiv

Important politicians such as Cardinal Richilieu were staunch supporters of absolutism. Prior to absolute rule, a king of France worked with the Estates. He was still a powerful ruler but in one sense he shared his authority with them.

When this system broke down, a country could descend into civil war. He had access to a standing royal army that was loyal only to him. A career in the military appeared to be one worth pursuing for someone with a noble background. For those on the receiving end of absolutism, the army played a key role.

In absolutist states, the army invariably collected taxes; a large part of this revenue was invested in the army which got larger and more powerful; a larger army was capable of becoming even more effective at collecting taxes which were then further invested in the army.

Introduction

In this way, the people were trapped: However, royal absolutism was justified by a number of eminent philosophers from the time: Bodin, Bousset and Hobbes. It could be argued that their support for an absolute monarch was understandable given the consequences that could have happened to them — however, there was a belief that a country could benefit from an absolute monarch, both internally and externally.

As an example, Brandenburg-Prussia under the Great Elector, Frederick William, became a much sort after ally which brought money to Brandenburg-Prussia. Also, in France, there were memories of the chronic dislocation caused by the French Wars of Religion where weak monarchical rule triggered off a noble rebellion.- Luis XIV, and His Selfish Ways If you were asked to answer the question, “Which king in European history was the best representative of absolutism?”, you would probably answer, “Louis XIV.” If you were asked to identify the king with the biggest palace and the most glamorous court, you would answer “Louis XIV.”.

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Absolutism within France was a political system associated with kings such as Louis XIII and, more particularly, Louis XIV. Absolutism or absolute monarchical rule was developing across Europe during the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries.

Louis XIV - HISTORY