How to write a religious icon

June 9, at 1: Speaking to an English language culture generally unfamiliar with Orthodox iconography the phrase aptly captures the tradition regarding iconography, that is, to paint an icon is not an arbitrary task acoomplished according to the whim of the painter. This connotation is beneficial in a culture that experiences a limited self discipline and minimal respect for tradition.

How to write a religious icon

The preeminent Russian icon painter was Andrei Rublev — early 15th centurywho was "glorified" officially recognized as a saint by the Moscow Patriarchate in His most famous work is The Old Testament Trinity.

Russians often commissioned icons for private use, adding figures of specific saints for whom they or members of their family were named gathered around the icon's central figure. Pairs of icons of Jesus and Mary were given as wedding presents to newly married couples.

There are far more varieties of icons of the Virgin Mary in Russian icon painting and religious use than of any other figure; Marian icons are commonly copies of images considered to be miraculous, of which there are hundreds: Icon of the CrucifixionNovgorod Schoolc.

Because icons in Orthodoxy must follow traditional standards and are essentially copies, Orthodoxy never developed the reputation of the individual artist as Western Christianity did, and the names of even the finest icon painters are seldom recognized except by some Eastern Orthodox or art historians.

Icon painting was and is a conservative art, in many cases considered a craft, in which the painter is essentially merely a tool for replication. The painter did not seek individual glory but considered himself a humble servant of God.

That is why in the 19th and early 20th centuries, icon painting in Russia went into a great decline with the arrival of machine lithography on paper and tin, which could produce icons in great quantity and much more cheaply than the workshops of painters.

Even today large numbers of paper icons are purchased by Orthodox rather than more expensive painted panels. As the painter did not intend to glorify himself, it was not deemed necessary to sign an icon.

Later icons were often the work of many hands, not of a single artisan. Nonetheless some later icons are signed with name of the painter, as well as the date and place. A peculiarity of dates written on icons is that many are dated from the "Creation of the World", which in Eastern Orthodoxy was believed to have taken place on September 1 in the year 5, before the birth of Jesus.

During the Soviet era in Russia, former village icon painters in PalekhMstyoraand Kholuy transferred their techniques to laquerware, which they decorated with ornate depictions of Russian fairy tales and other non-religious scenes.

Most distinguished within this relatively new art form are the intricate Palekh miniature paintings on a black lacquer background. Many Russian icons were destroyed, or sold abroad, by agents of the Soviet government; some were hidden to avoid destruction, or were smuggled out of the country.

Since the fall of communism, numbers of icon painting studios have again opened and are painting in a variety of styles for the local and international market. Many older, hidden icons have also been retrieved from hiding, or brought back from overseas.

In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, the market for icons expanded beyond Orthodox believers to include those collecting them as examples of Russian traditional art and culture. The same period witnessed much forgery of icons painted in the Pre-Nikonian manner.

Such fakes, often beautifully done, were artificially aged through skillful techniques and sold as authentic to Old Believers and collectors. Some still turn up on the market today, along with numbers of newly painted intentional forgeries, as well as icons sold legitimately as new but painted in earlier styles.

Many icons sold today retain some characteristics of earlier painting but are nonetheless obviously contemporary.

how to write a religious icon

Painting techniques and collecting[ edit ] Example of panel cross members or "back slats" used in pre Russian icons Most Russian icons are painted using egg tempera on specially prepared wooden panels, or on cloth glued onto wooden panels. Gold leaf is frequently used for halos and background areas; however, in some icons, silver leaf, sometimes tinted with shellac to look like gold, [4] is used instead, and some icons have no gilding at all.

Russian icons may also incorporate elaborate tinbronze or silver exterior facades that are usually highly embellished and often multi-dimensional. These facades are called rizas or oklads. A regular aspect of icon painting is to varnish over the image with drying oileither immediately after the paint is dry, or later on.

The majority of hand-painted Russian icons exhibit some degree of surface varnish, although many do not.Download religious icons stock photos. Affordable and search from millions of royalty free images, photos and vectors.

An icon is not simply the representation of a religious subject, it is a representation with a religious meaning, and if it is an Orthodox icon it must have an orthodox meaning. It may seem surprising that an image can be unorthodox.

Icons as Religious Art Printer Friendly. Icons are very popular today. Look at the toolbar on a computer. When you look at an icon, it is meant to make you aware that you are in the presence of God.

Icons, then, are not just art with a religious theme; rather, they are sacred art because they bring the viewer to the sacred.

The word icon comes from the Greek work "eikon," which means image. A religious icon is an image created for religious veneration.

The . Icon painting is a meditative, prayerful, and somewhat ritualized art form, in which the materials and processes as well as the image have symbolic meaning.

God's whole creation gathers to create the icon, in the form of the all-.

Icons Are Not “Written” We are writing St.
Paul, Minnesota, who shares her experience and reflections on writing a Saint Nicholas icon I'm auditing the seminary's iconography class.
In the Orthodox Christian tradition, icons are said to be written, not painted.
Russian icons - Wikipedia Pencil for tracing on gauze Gold leaf and gold paint Light resistant permanent paint Detail paint brushes Video of the Day Pick a piece of solid wood that is easily portable. Adhere a piece of gauze or white canvas to the wood with stucco, or a mixture of glue and water.
Holy Icons are made in a special way St Luke being guided by an Angel in painting the first Holy Icon This is the belief that the piety or holiness of the iconographer effects the holiness of the image being painted. There are indeed canons, or rules, set forward — particularly in monasteries — as to how someone must approach the painting of an icon.

The personal, innovative and creative traditions of Western European religious art were largely lacking in Russia before the 17th century, when Russian icon painting became strongly influenced by religious paintings and engravings from both Protestant and Catholic Europe.

Icons Are Not "Written" - Orthodox History