The background of the country of israel

Although it is not extremely large, Israel has several different climates that are home to a wide variety of plants and animals. Despite varied climatic conditions across the country, the climate is generally temperate. Mild temperatures by the Mediterranean Sea and the Jordan River which borders the country of Jordan to the east allow citrus trees to grow fruits such as oranges, grapefruits, and lemons.

The background of the country of israel

According to the Bible, Israel is the name given by God to Jacob.

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The modern country of Israel includes two distinct nationalities, the Palestinian and the Jewish. Each nationality is inextricable from its religious identity.

The Palestinians are Arabs whose traditions are founded in Muslim culture; the Jews define their culture in large part around their religion as well.

Each group identifies as part of a larger, international religious and cultural community, and each has a history in the region that goes back to ancient times. Its total area is 8, square miles 20, square kilometersslightly smaller than New Jersey. The Negev Desert covers the south of the country.

Mountains rise in the central region from the low coastal plain along the Mediterranean. The Jordan River stretches miles kilometers from Syria in the north, emptying into the Dead Sea.

The Dead Sea technically a lake is, at 1, feet meters below sea level, the lowest inland sea on earth. The population is roughly 80 percent Jewish; of the total population, Most of the 20 percent who are not Jewish are Arab. Previously, biblical Hebrew had been the language of prayer, whereas the vernacular of most Jews was Yiddish Ladino for Spanish and Portuguese Jews.

Arabic is the official language of the Arab minority. English is studied in school and is the most commonly spoken foreign language. Immigrants from various countries also bring their languages with them, and Spanish, Italian, African dialects, and especially Russian are often heard.

The flag consists of a blue six-pointed star on a white background, with a horizontal blue stripe above and one below.

The Israeli national anthem, Hatikvais over one hundred years old. Its melody is of unknown origin, although some believe it comes from an Eastern European fold song. Its lyrics are explicitly Zionist, extolling the return of the Jews to their holy land.

The song was banned from the airwaves during the British mandate, and it continues to be somewhat controversial today; there has been some debate as to whether its Zionist message is still valid. History and Ethnic Relations Emergence of the Nation. There is archaeological evidence of settlements in Israel dating from nine thousand to eleven thousand years ago.

It is thought that the first people of the kingdom of Israel migrated from Mesopotamia. Much of the history of ancient Israel is laid out in the Bible.

The Israelites were slaves in Egypt from about to Israel B. They wandered in the desert for forty years. Moses died, and Joshua took the helm and led the people into the land of Canaan, or the Promised Land. The epoch that followed was known as the period of the judges, when Israel was ruled by judges and priests.

Saul became the first king of Israel in B.

The Origin of the Palestine-Israel Conflict

He was succeeded by his rival, David, in Solomon ascended to the throne in B. In the kingdom split into two parts, Israel and Judah. In Israel was conquered by Assyria, and in it was taken over by Babylonia.

The city of Jerusalem was destroyed, and the Jews were exiled to Babylon. In Babylon was conquered by the king of Persia, who allowed the Jews to return to their homeland, where they rebuilt the Temple and began what became known as the Second Jewish State.

Between and B. In Judas Maccabee led a rebellion that allowed the Jews to reclaim Jerusalem, a victory that Jews still celebrate in the festival of Hanukkah. Judah became an independent state in B. E Herod conquered Judah in 37 B. The First Revolt against Rome occurred in 66 C.Note: Citations are based on reference standards.

The background of the country of israel

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The fledgling State of Israel was faced with many challenges. While fighting a war of survival with the Arab states who immediately invaded the new nation, Israel had to also absorb the shiploads of immigrants coming in daily to the Jewish homeland.

Israel Flag – Younger than the country itself; Just the need to know facts about the origin of the current Israel Flag and how it developed into the official Flag of Israel.

Israel Flag – The Official Symbol of Israel.

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Facebook. Pinterest. Twitter. Google+. The white background represents honesty, innocence, and peace. Famous. Israel finally left Gaza in but soon after, a group called Hamas won elections and took control there.

Much of the world calls Hamas a terrorist organisation. The Origin of the Palestine-Israel Conflict. By Jews for Justice in the Middle East Published in Berkeley, CA, Jews for Justice has made this excellent resource available to people around the world.

Israel - History: This discussion focuses primarily on the modern state of Israel. For treatment of earlier history and of the country in its regional context, see Palestine, history of. The nation of Israel is the world’s first Jewish state in two millennia. It represents for Jews the restoration of their homeland after the centuries-long Diaspora that followed the demise of the Herodian.

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